Natural Indian Minerals
About Indian Minerals

The use of minerals has been instrumal in raising the standars of living mankind. Minerals and their product have been used in various eras of civilization, such as the Stone Age, Rhea bronze age, The iron age & the nuclear age. The sophisticated world of today is largely the result of the enlarged use of minerals, whether it is as fertilizer for food, as source of power or countless other necessities of life like automobiles, aero plans, ships, communications and host of chemicals which are derived from the minerals.

All engineering and structural material, machinery, equipments and anything from pin to planes are manufactured from metals and their innumerable alloys. The properties to withstand extreme temperature, pressure and corrosive actions possessed by refractory minerals like chromites, magnetite, fireclay, quartzite, dolomite and several alumino-silicate minerals are largely required for lining the furnaces and smelting tanks. There is not a single industry which can survive without minerals or their products. Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals.

The Indian landmass contains a multitude of both types of resource and its economy, especially in rural areas, is heavily dependent on their consumption or export. Due to overcons being depleted.The total cultivable area in India is 1,945,355 km² (56.78% of its total land area), which is shrinking due to population pressures and rapid urbanisation. India has a total water surface area of 360,400 km². As of 2012, India is the largest producer of sheet mica, the third largest producer of iron ore and the fifth largest producer of bauxite in the world. India's metal and mining industry was estimated to be $106.4bn in 2010.

India produces 4 fuels, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals. India's major mineral resources include Coal (4th largest reserves in the world), Iron ore, Manganese ore (7th largest reserve in the world as in 2013), Mica, Bauxite (5th largest reserve in the world as in 2013), Chromite, Natural gas, Diamonds, Limestone and Thorium (world's largest along coast of Kerala[6] shores). India's oil reserves, found in Bombay High off the coast of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and in eastern Assam meet 25% of the country's demand.

The Mining industry in India is a major economic activity which contributes significantly to the economy of India. The GDP contribution of the mining industry varies from 2.2% to 2.5% only but going by the GDP of the total industrial sector it contributes around 10% to 11%. Even mining done on small scale contributes 6% to the entire cost of mineral production. Indian mining industry provides job opportunities to around 700,000 individuals. However, the mining in India is also infamous for human right violations and environmental pollution. The industry has been hit by several high profile mining scandals in recent times. Minerals thus, form a part and parcel of our daily life.

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